The Stuttgart Main Station

A masterpiece of architecture
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The Architects Bonatz & Scholer

Paul Michel Bonatz

1877 Born on 6th December in Solgne near Metz
1881 – 98 Childhood in Rappoltsweiler and Haguenau / Alsace
1896 Obtains his Abitur (A-levels) and begins studying mechanical engineering in Munich
1897 Switches to studying architecture
1900 Graduates, and makes a study trip to Northern Italy
1900 – 01 Co-worker of Theodor Fischer (1862 – 1938) at the Office of Municipal Building in Munich. Study trip to Southern Italy and Sicily
1902 Marries Helene Froehlich
1902 – 06 Fischer´s assistant at the Technical College in Stuttgart
1907 Construction of his first own building, Sektkellerei Henkell in Wiesbaden
1908 Fischer´s successor at the Technical College in Stuttgart (there till 1943)
1910 Begins co-operation with Friedrich Eugen Scholer; first prize in the contest for the Community Hall in Hanover
1910-12 University Library in Tübingen
1911 First prize in the contest for the new station in Stuttgart; construction of his second own house
1913 Study trip to Egypt
1914 Start of construction of Stuttgart main station
1916 Trip to Istanbul in connection with the contest for the German-Turkish house of Friendship
1918 Member of the »Enforcement Committee« of the workers´ councils as an intellectual workers´ delegate
1919 Reform of the architecture degree programme at the Technical College in Stuttgart (the »Stuttgart School«)
1920 Urban planning for Cologne
1922 Opening of the first part of Stuttgart main station
1924 Study trip to Stockholm
1925 Study trip to Spain
1926 First building proposal for the »Werksbund« residential area at the Weissenhof. After differences of opinion with Mies van der Rohe (1886 – 1969), Bonatz resigns
1926 – 33 Work on the locks of the Neckar Canal
1928 Completion of Stuttgart main station
1930 Prize judge at the international contest for Greater Madrid
1931 Leaves the architectural union »The Block« due to »unbridgeable differences of opinion« with Paul Schultze-Naumburg (1869 – 1949)
1932 – 36 Construction of the Art Museum in Basel together with Rudolf Christ (1895 – 1975)
1933 Accommodation of Bruno Taut (1880 – 1938) in the »Haus Bonatz« during his illegal journey from Moscow to Switzerland; Kochenhofsiedlung; denunciation and interrogation by the Gestapo
1935-41 Work on construction of the Imperial Autobahn
1937 Jury member at the World Exhibition in Paris and friendship with Auguste Perret (1874 – 1954)
1939 – 43 Co-operation with Albert Speer (1905 – 1981)
1942 Prize judge at the international contest for the Ataturk Mausoleum in Ankara
1943 – 46 dvisor to the Turkish education ministry in Ankara
1944 In February a journey to Turkey after his final stay in Germany
1944 – 48 Construction of a civil servants´ residential town and the State Opera House in Ankara
1946 – 53 Professor at the Technical University of Istanbul
1954 Return to Stuttgart
1956 Dies on 20th December in Stuttgart

Friedrich Eugen Scholer

1874 born on 10th April in Sydney, Australia; after school, he studies at the School of Arts
1897 Continues his studies at the Technical University of Munich
till 1904 co-worker of Friedrich von Thiersch (1852 – 1921)
1905 Has his own office
1910 – 43 Partnership with Bonatz. From then on, Scholer seldom appears as an independent architect. As early as the late 1920s, he gradually withdraws from the joint office while keeping his full income
1948 Dies in May on a trip in Upper Bavaria

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» The Beginnings

» Architectural Contest

» The Architects Bonatz & Scholer

» Development of the Design and Construction

» Description of the building and its urban integration

» Destruction in World War II and Reconstruction

» Changes after Reconstruction

» Categorisation in building history

» The Outlook

 
 

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